Abstract

Ethical risks are routinely assessed and mitigated in research studies. The same risks can exist in program evaluations and quality improvement initiatives and yet may not be routinely and comprehensively addressed. The authors present a conceptual framework that can help organizations develop comprehensive ethics review processes for non-research knowledge-generating projects (NRKGPs). They provide strategies that can be implemented in three progressive domains and illustrate the framework's application using two examples of health organizations with existing NRKGP ethics review processes. They conclude the article by discussing some lessons learned.