Information for Authors

The Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership is published quarterly by Longwoods™ Publishing Corporation in cooperation with the Canadian Academy of Executive Nurses. The Editor in Chief is Lynn Nagle, University of Toronto. The Journal is intended to serve the information needs of those in leadership positions in nursing management, practice, education and research. Manuscripts selected for publication are of importance to those involved in all aspects of nursing - acute care, community-based care, long-term care and other nursing initiatives.


The Journal is a refereed journal. Manuscripts are initially reviewed by the editor in chief and undergo blind review by at least two external referees. Selection is based on the criteria of originality, timeliness and relevance to the needs of readers. Authors will be provided with feedback and may be requested to revise the manuscript to conform to the editorial standards of the Journal (see below). The process may take 10-12 weeks.

Manuscripts are accepted for review on the understanding they are submitted solely to the Journal and have not been published elsewhere. Authors whose manuscripts are selected for publication will be required to sign a Copyright Release Form.

The editor welcomes shorter manuscripts (non refereed) for publication in other sections of the Journal, such as Letters to the Editor, Ideas, Innovations or Perspectives. These articles may be opinion pieces, deal with controversial issues, or advise on new programs.

Open Access Agreement

Through this initiative, authors of accepted, peer reviewed research papers are given the opportunity to pay an Open Access publication charge to make their paper freely available online immediately upon publication of the issue.

Manuscript Preparation

The preferred length is approximately 3000 words (12-15 typewritten, double-spaced pages) inclusive of figures/tables and references. Pages should be numbered consecutively throughout. The author should email the manuscript as an attachment to: Correspondence via email is strongly encouraged.

Manuscripts must be accompanied by:

  1. A cover letter to identify the principal author for correspondence purposes.
  2. A face sheet stating the name of the article, the authors and their credentials, and current titles. e.g. Lois M. Smith, RN, MScN is an acute care nurse practitioner at the XYZ hospital, Thistown, Province/State. (no periods used in degrees). Names of authors should not appear in the text.
  3. A brief (150-200 word) abstract summarizing the content of the manuscript and describing the benefits to be achieved from reading it.
  4. Five to seven key words describing the main themes of the paper.

Guidelines for Style

Manuscript submissions will be copy-edited for grammar, punctuation and consistency of spelling and style; in some cases they will be edited for length. All Longwoods™ publications use Canadian spelling and follow the Oxford Canadian Dictionary (first choice listed). Note, however, that "healthcare" is one word as both an adjective and a noun.

General Points of Style

  • use double quotation marks, with single quotation marks within the double as necessary
  • commas and periods always within the quotation marks
  • series or serial comma not used to separate final elements in lists (e.g., CEOS, directors, managers and supervisors)
  • articles and prepositions within titles and headings lowercased
  • that/which distinction made for restrictive/nonrestrictive clauses
  • Dates:
    • March 2003 (no comma)
    • March 12, 2003
    • The 1990s (no apostrophe)
  • Numbers:
    • numbers below 10 spelled out; 10 and above as numerals
    • percentages always expressed as numerals, with
    • percentage sign e.g., 2%, 37%
    • dollar amounts - $10 million; $2 billion
  • en dash used to set off phrases within sentences; space either side
  • ellipses set tight; space either side for three ellipses within sentence ( … )

References - Updated for DOI

The use of footnotes and endnotes is strongly discouraged. Instead, short explanatory remarks should be placed parenthetically in the text.

Longwoods follows a modified APA (American Psychological Association) style for referencing source material. In-text references should be placed in parentheses and consist of last name of the author(s) and the year of publication of the work to which reference has been made. No punctuation separates the two items.

Longwoods has adopted the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) system (see: for more information). Please be sure to include DOI numbers in your citations where ever possible. See examples below in the In-text Referencing section. If accepted and published, your paper will also be identified by a unique DOI generated by Longwoods.

In-text References

One author:

The theory was first propounded in 1970 (Goodenough 1971).

Alternatively, author surnames may be integrated into the text, followed immediately by the year of publication in parenthesis: 

Goodenough (1971) was the first to propound the theory.

Two authors:

EI has been proven to positively affect an organization"s success (Cooper and Sawaf 1997).

Multiple authors/citations:

Any health organization could potentially benefit from this type of approach (Madden et al. 1995).

Madden et al. (1995) propose the following solutions …

This trend is reflected in recent surveys of healthcare organizations (Gaudine 2000; Pimentel 2000; Canadian Physiotherapy Association 2000; Parent et al. 2001)

In-text citations

requiring page references to quoted material should be styled as follows:

(Goodenough et al. 1979: 22-23; Simcoe 1980: 734-35.)

Reference List

Ensure that all sources cited in the text are included in a "Reference" list at the end of the article. The accompanying list should be in alphabetical order and include full publication details. For multiple entries by the same author, arrange citations in chronological order, earliest year first. In the examples shown here, the following rules are observed:

  • in citations with multiple authors, invert the first-name initial and surname only for the first author listed
  • no parentheses for year of publication
  • article titles in upper and lower case, enclosed in double quotation marks
  • journals and book titles in italics
  • volume number, issue number, page references styled as follows (all in romans - no italics): 15(3): 319-25

Sample References

Anis, A.H., D. Guh and X. Wang. 2001. "A Dog"s Breakfast: Prescription Drug Coverage Varies Widely across Canada." Medical Care 39(4): 315-26.

Evans, R. 2013. "It Doesn't Have to Be This Way." Healthcare Policy 8(4): 10-18. doi:10.12927/hcpol.2013.23400.

Boyatzis, R., D. Goleman and K. Rhee. 2000. "Clustering Competence in Emotional Intelligence: Insights from the Emotional Competence Inventory (ECI)." In R. Bar-On and J.D.A. Parker, eds., The Handbook of Emotional Intelligence. San Fransisco, CA: Jossey Bass.

Drinka, T.J.K. and P.G. Clark. 2000. Healthcare Teamwork: Interdisciplinary Practice and Teaching. Westport, CT: Auburn House

Shortell, S.M., J. Zimmerman, D.M. Rousseau, R.R. Gillies, D.P. Wagner, E.A. Draper, W.A. Knaus and J. Duffy. 1994. "The Performance of Intensive Care Units: Does Good Management Make a Difference?" Medical Care 32(5): 508-25.


Birch, S., G. Kephart, G.T. Murphy, L. O'Brien-Pallas. R. Alder R and A. MacKenzie. 2009. "Health Human Resources Planning and the Production of Health: Development of an Extended Analytical Framework for Needs-Based Health Human Resources Planning." Journal of Public Health Management and Practice. Nov;15(6 Suppl):S56-61. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3181b1ec0e.

Citations of all material accessed on-line should be as complete as possible and include all the information that would normally be cited for a print source. In addition, the data of access/retrieval should be included.

Canadian Medical Forum Task Force on Physician Supply. 1999. Physician Workforce. Ottawa: Canadian Medical Association. Retrieved September 2, 2002.


Tables and Figures

All illustrations consisting of line art (pie charts, bar graphs, etc.) should be labeled as "Figures" and numbered consecutively within the article (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.). Include an appropriate title, legend and sourceline, where required, for each Figure. Similarly, all Tables should be numbers consecutively within the article (Table 1, Table 2, etc.)

For production purpose, all figures and embedded graphics in Word documents should also be provided with the manuscript as separate high-res files (jpeg, eps, psd (photoshop) or ai (illustrator) as 300 dpi.)

How to submit graphs & figures (PDF)
More information on high resolution photos (PDF)


Authors must obtain written permission from the publisher of previously copyrighted material, including extensive quotations (longer than 500 words), tables, figures, graphs, etc. Permission should accompany the manuscript.


Address all correspondence to the Managing Editor:

Dianne Foster Kent
Managing Editor
Longwoods Publishing Corporation
260 Adelaide Street East, No. 8
Toronto, ON M5A 1N1
Telephone: 416 864-9667
Fax: 416 368-4443


The Canadian Journal of Nursing Leadership is indexed in the following: Pubmed/Medline,CINAHL, Nursing Citation Index, Nursing Abstracts, CSA (Cambridge), Ulrich’s,IndexCopernicusScopus, and is a partner of HINARI,

The journal is published and refereed on behalf of the Academy of Canadian Executive Nurses (ACEN) by Longwoods Publishing Corporation and ACEN's appointed editorial board and reviewers