Longwoods Publishing Corporation 

Peggy Leatt, BScN, MSHA, PhD
Founding Editor-in-Chief, Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health,  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC

Editor-in-Chief

Judith Shamian, RN, PhD
President, International Council of Nurses, Geneva, Switzerland

Associate Editors

Farah Farahati, PhD
Labor & Health Economist, Bethesda, MD

Amir A. Khaliq, PhD, MBBS, MSHS, MSc.
Professor, Department of Health Administration & Policy, Health Sciences Center, College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma

Michel Landry, BScPT, PhD
Chief, Doctor of Physical Therapy Division, Dept. of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University

Lutchmie Narine, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Public Health, Food Studies and Nutrition, Syracuse University

Editor for Innovation

David Zakus, BSc, MES, MSc, PhD,
Professor of Distinction in Global Health, Faculty of Community Services, School of Occupational and Public Health, Ryerson University

Editor Emeritus

John E. Paul, PhD
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Editorial Advisory Board

Peggy Leatt, BScN, MSHA, PhD
Founding Editor-in-Chief, Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health,  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC

Sagar C. Jain, PhD
Founding Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Health and Population in Developing Countries, Professor Emeritus, Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Karen B. Allen, MA, MSc, PhD
Regional Programme Planning Officer, UNICEF Eastern and Southern Africa Regional Office (ESARO), Nairobi, Kenya

François Béland, PhD
Professeur titulaire, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Margaret Bentley, PhD
Associate Dean for Global Health, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Adalsteinn Brown, DPhil
Director, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation; Dalla Lana Chair in Public Health Policy, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON

Francois Champagne, PhD
Professeur titulaire, Administration de la santé et GRIS, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Wen Chen, PhD, MD
Professor of Health Economics, Associate Dean, School of Public Health, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Arun Chockalingam, MS, PhD, FACC
Director, Office of Global Health, National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, US

Jean-Louis Denis, PhD
Professeur titulaire, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

William H. Dow, PhD
Associate Professor of Health Economics, University of California, Berkeley, School of Public Health, Berkeley, California

Bruce J. Fried, PhD
Associate Professor and Chair, Global Health Committee, Department of Health Policy and Administration, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Daniel L. Goetz, MS
Senior Public Administration Specialist, International Development Group, RTI International, Research Triangle Park, NC

Dean M. Harris, JD
Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Health Policy and Administration, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Amir A. Khaliq, PhD
Professor, Health Administration & Policy, College of Public Health, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Tulsa, Oklahoma

Ambika Krishnakumar, PhD
Associate Professor, College of Human Services and Health Professions, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY

Sandra G. Leggat, PhD
School of Public Health, La Trobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia

Lutchmie Narine, PhD
Associate Professor, Department of Health and Wellness, College of Human Ecology, Syracuse University

Bernardo Ramirez, MD
Vice President, INTECH, Celebration, Florida

Amal C. Sjaaf, MD, DrPH
Professor, Department of Health Policy and Administration, School of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia

Abdul Sattar Yoosuf, DrPH
Director, Sustainable Development and Healthy Environments, World Health Organization, South East Asian Regional Office (SEARO), New Delhi, India

David Zakus, BSc, MES, MSc, PhD
Director, Centre for International Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto President, Global Health Education Consortium, Toronto, ON

Editorial Director

Dianne Foster-Kent

Publisher

W. Anton Hart

Associate Publisher

Rebecca Hart

Associate Publisher/Administration

Barbara Marshall

Associate Publisher

Susan Hale

Associate Publisher

Matthew Hart

Design and Production

Antony Bickenson

World Health & Population is indexed in the following: CAB AbstractsGlobal HealthMEDLINE/PubmedUlrich’s (CSA)IndexCopernicus and Scopus, ProQuest, Ebsco Discovery Service  and is a partner of HINARI.

World Health & Population is published four times per year by Longwoods™ Publishing Corp., 260 Adelaide St. East, No. 8, Toronto, ON M5A 1N1, Canada. Information contained in this publication has been compiled from sources believed to be reliable. While every effort has been made to ensure accuracy and completeness, these are not guaranteed. The views and opinions expressed are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily represent an official opinion of World Health & Population or Longwoods™ Publishing Corporation. Readers are urged to consult their professional advisers prior to acting on the basis of material in this journal.

No liability for this journal’s content shall be incurred by Longwoods™ Publishing Corporation, the editors, the editorial advisory board or any contributors.

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ISSN No. 1718-3340

eISSN No. 1929-6541