Nearly a year ago, in an editorial titled "Whither WHO?" we had suggested that WHO would be more effective if it were to concentrate on becoming the Conscience of Nations. Even if our views did not reach the halls of power in WHO, we are delighted with the World Health Report 2000. It is what the doctor had ordered! Rising above the political rhetoric and bureaucratic mishmash, it rates and ranks countries performance. In so doing, several conceptual and methodological innovations are made. [To view this article, please download the PDF.]