Rapid advances in health sciences, changing epidemiological and demographic profiles, consequences of globalization and market mechanisms, changing economic scenarios, and increasing movement of people have presented new opportunities, as well as formidable challenges, to Public Health. Faced with the perception that the Public Health systems in countries of the South-East Asia Region might be falling into disarray, there was a need to take a close look at these systems. The concern focused on quality of the Schools of Public Health, professional capacities, societal commitment, and the realization of National Public Health goals. [To view this article, please download the PDF.]