Abstract

Indonesian health development had sustainability improved, prior to the political crisis that began in 1997. These improvements were shown by a reduction in the infant mortality rate (IMR) and prevalence rates of diseases, such as diarrhea, neonatal tetanus, polio, measles, and malnutrition among children. This paper describes how public health programs have contributed to these improvements and, also, attempts to identify weaknesses in specific aspects of program management and implementation. Further, the impact of severe economic and political crises on health sectors is described, as well as the struggles to maintain public health programs, especially those protecting the poor. [To view this article, please download the PDF.]