As a result of Chaoulli, wait-times research of this kind and health policy research generally in Canada will now take on heightened legal significance. The Court has signaled that future litigants may rely on established benchmarks, targets and care guarantees to establish the appropriateness of legal claims that allege unacceptable waits. More broadly, comparative health-systems research will now provide an evidentiary basis upon which judges may make their determination of the constitutionality of provincial insurance plans.