World Health & Population, 11(3) April 2010: 24-43.doi:10.12927/whp.2010.21663

Determinants of Gender Differences in Health among the Elderly in Latin America     

Antonio J. Trujillo, Thomas A. Mroz, Claudia Piras, John A. Vernon and Gustavo Angeles


This paper identifies the main gender differences in health and socio-economic characteristics of the elderly in four Latin American cities. Using locally weighted regressions as well as a flexible model specification that treats age non-parametrically, we investigate whether these unadjusted gender gaps in health are due to gender differences in the distribution of age and other explanatory variables. Interestingly, for all cities, the analyses show a gender gap in health in favour of males at each age. The gaps are larger when one uses functional impairment in mobility and personal self-care as indicators of an individual's health instead of self-reported health. Furthermore, controlling for demographic characteristics, baseline health and the availability of family support do little to change the disadvantage for women in measured health outcomes. Controlling for socio-economic variables does, however, reduce most of the gender differences in health.


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    Sophie Chiasson wrote:

    Posted 2010/11/29 at 10:25 PM EST



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