Despite the number of advance care planning (ACP) conversation guides and tools, ACP conversations are not common in healthcare. In this quality improvement project, we took a different approach and applied complex adaptive systems theory to develop an intervention that emerged from the users (family physicians) themselves – a standardized e-form with prompts. By listening to the users, we were able to integrate ACP best practices, including shifting the focus of ACP conversations from treatment decisions to patient values, in a way that met both users' and patients' needs, addressed barriers and will help normalize ACP conversations in primary care. The intervention was designed for any patient and family physician and may have utility for other family practice groups.
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