MONTREAL, Feb. 6, 2015 /CNW Telbec/ - Despite the Supreme Court Ruling, human life remains the most precious commonly shared value of Canadians—the right to life and the right to protect life. Life is a sacred trust and is invaluable. This principle is enshrined in Canadian Law since the founding of this country in 1867. It is reaffirmed in both the Canadian and Quebec Charter of Rights. The ruling of the Canadian Supreme Court is a seismic shift away from our most cherished values.

Recent history has taught us the dangers of the idea that certain "lives are less worthy of life." Beginning with the severely handicapped children in 1938 with the T4 program in Germany under the supervision of medical doctors, the euthanasia of German citizens was extended to the elderly and those suffering from mental illness. In our present history we have the experience of modern day Belgium and the Netherlands where those who are not terminal but who are depressed and tired of life are euthanized upon request. Children are now candidates for euthanasia in both of these countries. Again physicians are responsible for supervising the termination of human life.

Canada must not follow in this direction. Fundamental medical ethics which has been based on the Hippocratic Oath and has valued human life for more than 2500 years is built on the concept to heal and not to kill. Medicine teaches us to "care always, to cure where possible, but never to kill." Will the future medical oath be "heal until you must kill"?

Will patients battling cancer want to be treated by physicians who practice euthanasia and are possibly more concerned about health care costs rather than the value of human life?

The lack of medical care including palliative care must not become the basis for health care policy thus targeting the weaker member of our society. We are on the breach of a precipice but cannot allow our weaker citizens to be thrown off the cliff by more powerful people.We have a responsibility to defend the lives of our fellow human beings who are desperate to be cared for and supported at the most critical time in their lives. The recent cut backs in health care including life saving cancer drugs in this country is a bell weather of the wrong direction we are going.

Euthanasia is not a medical treatment and is not part of palliative care. Euthanasia is contrary to the medical code of ethics and to international health norms and conventions includ­ing the World Medical Association. Euthanasia is dangerous as a form of medical practice with errors in diagnosis up to 20% and prognosis up to 50% and cannot achieve workable safeguards. For example in Belgium, 32% of euthanasia deaths are performed without specific request or consent of either the patient or family despite "safeguards" (CMAJ June 15, 2010). For these reasons palliative care must be adopted as the best practice for end-of-life care and euthanasia and assisted suicide must be prohibited for end of life care.

A Motion for Declaratory Judgment was filed in the Superior Court of Montréal on May 27, 2014 to challenge articles in the Quebec proposed Bill 52 pertaining to euthanasia. The Plaintiffs are Ms Lisa D'Amico, a handicapped person, and Dr. Paul J. Saba, a family doctor. This Motion is instituted against the Attorney-General of Québec and also impleads the Attorney-General of Canada, in order to obtain a declaration to the effect that it is not possible in Québec for patients concerned by euthanasia to provide a free and informed consent because of their vulnerability which is exacerbated by a lack of resources in the health care system, because of their medical condition and the lack of universal access to palliative care for all persons who require such care, particularly to diminish suffering.

According to the Canadian Society of palliative care doctors, euthanasia is an act consisting of deliberately causing death of another person in order to put an end to suffering. Palliative care does not include the practice of euthanasia.

Appropriate palliative care is not offered uniformly on the whole of the Québec territory nor in all hospitals and is only available at a rate varying between 20 to 60% depending on the regions (Commission spéciale sur la question de mourir dans la dignité, March 2012, page 26). A majority of patients does not therefore have access to palliative care and will not be in a position to make a choice that would be really free and informed.

There exists a real and imminent risk of danger that the euthanasia law will quickly cause the termination of the life of the more vulnerable people of our society, the first of whom are handicapped persons.

The World Medical Association, representing 9 million doctors in 100 countries, stipulates that even though the patient or his loved ones may ask for euthanasia, it is contrary to ethics, and strongly encourages doctors to refuse to participate in an act of euthanasia, even if the national law authorizes it or decriminalizes it. 

Since the Supreme Court has opened the door for allowing euthanasia of our most vulnerable citizens, the Plaintiffs are continuing their motion in Superior Court to have Bill 52 declared invalid. Also they are calling on the Canadian Parliament which is the ultimate legislative branch of our country, to defend the most vulnerable of its citizens and not allow assisted suicide or euthanasia of its citizens. 

PDF available at:

SOURCE Coalition of Physicians for Social Justice

For further information: Dr Paul Saba, (514) 886-3447 or (514) 249-8541, email:; Lisa D'Amico, (514) 593-2927; Me Dominique Talarico, (514) 886-1616, email: