The impact of socioeconomic status (SES) on diarrheal and respiratory morbidity among children aged 5 or less was assessed through a survey of mothers in two administrative regions of Kuwait. Higher SES women reported child morbidity more frequently and utilized health care facilities more often. Differences between SES groups have disappeared for some types of morbidity. In the multivariate analysis, lower SES children had higher respiratory mortality but there was no difference in diarrheal morbidity. [To view this article, please download the PDF.]