Objectives: This research explores the gap between women's knowledge of HIV/AIDS and behavior change in Dominica.

Methods: This qualitative study used the individual-interview method to examine perceptions regarding HIV/STDs and contraception.

Results: Almost all of the respondents were aware of the heterosexual nature of AIDS, but seemed unaware of other potential modes of transmission. Many women do not use family planning.

Conclusions: There is a need to intervene in the advancing HIV/AIDS epidemic at the level of behavioral norms and to empower women to protect themselves and their families. [To view this article, please download the PDF.]