Healthcare reforms that do not address outcomes of importance to patients may not be poised to successfully deliver the ultimate objectives of improved outcomes and quality of life for patients. Value-based healthcare is a distinct approach to aligning diverse health-system stakeholders, including healthcare professionals, health system administrators and the pharmaceutical and medical devices industries, on delivering outcomes that matter to patients at the same or lower cost. This article examines existing pan-Canadian infrastructure, including quality improvement and data initiatives, to demonstrate a path forward for this international healthcare transformation movement in Canada.