Longwoods Publishing Corporation 

Editor-in-Chief

Adalsteinn D. Brown
Dean for the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario

Editorial Advisory Board

Founding Editor-in-Chief: Peggy Leatt, BScN, MSHA, PhD
Professor and Chair Emeritus, Department of Health Policy and Management, Gillings School of Global Public Health,  University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC

Owen B. Adams
Director of Research, Policy and Planning, Canadian Medical Association
 
Dr. Arif Bhimji
Magna Health, Aurora, Ontario
 
Adalsteinn D. Brown
Dean for the Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Gordon D. Brown
Professor and Director, University of Missouri‚ÄďColumbia, Department of Health Management & Informatics
 
Mr. Tom Closson
Toronto, Ontario
 
Mr. William Carter
Borden Ladner Gervais, Toronto, Ontario
 
Mr. Michael Decter
Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Jeff Edelson
Vice President, Clinical at BioMotiv, AEQuanimitas Consulting LLC, Greater Philadelphia Area, PA
 
Dr. Bruce J. Fried
Associate Professor and Director, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina
 
Mr. Peter Goodhand
Markham, Ontario
 
Dr. Toby Gordon
Associate Professor and Director, The Johns Hopkins University, Department of Health Policy and Management, Baltimore, Maryland and Vice-President Planning & Marketing, Johns Hopkins Medicine
 
Dr. Carol Herbert
Professor Emeritus, UWO Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, London, Ontario
 
Dr. Alan Hudson
Toronto, Ontario
 
Mr. Ron Kaczorowski
President & Managing Director, Prism Alliance Group (IBO), Toronto, Ontario
 
Mr. John King
Healthcare Advisor, Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Sandra Leggat
School of Public Health, LaTrobe University, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia
 
Mr. Steven Lewis
President, Access Consulting Ltd., Saskatoon (temporarily in Melbourne, Australia); Adjunct Professor of Health Policy, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, BC
 
Mr. Jonathan Lomas
Founding Executive Director, Canadian Health Services Research Foundation, Ottawa, Ontario
 
Dr. Noni MacDonald
Dalhousie Medical School, Halifax, Nova Scotia
 
Mr. Bruce S. MacLellan
President, Environics Communications Inc., Toronto and New York
 
Mr. Joseph Mapa
President, Mount Sinai Hospital Foundation, Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Michael McGuigan
Medical Director, Long Island Regional Poison Control Center, New York
 
Dr. Robert McMurtry
Professor of Surgery, University of Western Ontario and Orthopedic Consultant, St. Joseph’s Health Care, London, Ontario
 
Dr. Eric Meslin
Director, Indiana University Center for Bioethics, Indianapolis, Indiana
 
Dr. Terrence J. Montague
Edmonton, Alberta
 
Mr. Torbjörn Pelow
Health Administrator & Consultant, Gothenburg, Sweden
 
Dr. Bernardo Ramirez
Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC
 
Dr. Janet Thompson Reagan
Professor and Director, Health Administration Programs, California State University, Northridge, California
 
Dr. Anne E. Rogers
Professor of the Sociology of Health Care, National Primary Care Research and Development Centre, University of Manchester, England
 
Dr. Judith Shamian
President, International Council of Nurses, Geneva, Switzerland 
 
Ms. Tina Smith
Program Director, University of Toronto, Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Willem Wassenaar
President, Wellesley Therapeutics, Toronto, Ontario
 
Dr. Ruth Wilson
Professor, Department of Family Medicine, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario
 
Dr. Howard S. Zuckerman
Professor Emeritus, Center for Health Management Research, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington

Editor-in-Chief

Adalsteinn D. Brown 

Editorial Director

Dianne Foster-Kent 

Copy-Editing

Cenveo 

Proofreader

Barbara Marshall 

Founding Publisher and Chairman (Retired)

Anton Hart 

Publisher & CEO

Matthew Hart 

Publisher & COO

Rebecca Hart 

Associate Publisher, Careers & Web

Susan Hale 

Associate Publisher, Customer Service & Administration

Barbara Marshall 

Design and Production

Antony F. Bickenson 

Creative

Eric Hart 

 

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HealthcarePapers is published four times per year by Longwoods‚ĄĘ Publishing Corp., 260 Adelaide St. East, No. 8, Toronto, ON M5A 1N1, Canada. The views and opinions expressed are those of the individual contributors and do not necessarily represent an official opinion of HealthcarePapers or Longwoods‚ĄĘ Publishing Corp. Readers are urged to consult their professional advisers prior to acting on the basis of material in this journal.

No liability for this journal‚Äôs content shall be incurred by Longwoods‚ĄĘ Publishing Corporation, the editors, the editorial advisory board or any contributors.

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ISSN No. 1488-917X

eISSN No. 1929-6339