Longwoods Blog

Introduction: CANADA

Background:

. . .Canada faces the political challenges of meeting public demands for quality improvements in health care, and education, social services. . .

Environment – current issues:

air pollution and resulting acid rain severely affecting lakes and damaging forests; metal smelting, coal-burning utilities, and vehicle emissions impacting on agricultural and forest productivity; ocean waters becoming contaminated due to agricultural, industrial, mining, and forestry activities

Population:

33,759,742 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 36

Age structure:

0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,761,711/female 2,626,836)
15-64 years: 68.7% (male 11,633,950/female 11,381,735)
65 years and over: 15.2% (male 2,220,189/female 2,862,787) (2010 est.)

Median age:

total: 40.7 years
male: 39.6 years
female: 41.8 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate:

0.804% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138

Birth rate:

10.28 births/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 190

Death rate:

7.87 deaths/1,000 population (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 109

Net migration rate:

5.64 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 15

Urbanization:

urban population: 80% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.056 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 4.99 deaths/1,000 live births
country comparison to the world: 186
male: 5.34 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.63 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 81.29 years
country comparison to the world: 10
male: 78.72 years
female: 84 years (2010 est.)

Total fertility rate:

1.58 children born/woman (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 179

HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate:

0.4% (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 80

HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS:

73,000 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 55

HIV/AIDS – deaths:

fewer than 500 (2007 est.)
country comparison to the world: 83

Literacy:

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99%
male: 99%
female: 99% (2003 est.)

Population below poverty line:

10.8%; note – this figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2005)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:

lowest 10%: 2.6%
highest 10%: 24.8% (2000)

Distribution of family income – Gini index:

32.1 (2005)
country comparison to the world: 100
31.5 (1994)

Communications ::CANADA

Telephones – main lines in use:

18.251 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 16

Telephones – mobile cellular:

23.081 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 38

Telephone system:

general assessment: excellent service provided by modern technology
domestic: domestic satellite system with about 300 earth stations
international: country code – 1; submarine cables provide links to the US and Europe; satellite earth stations – 7 (5 Intelsat – 4 Atlantic Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean, and 2 Intersputnik – Atlantic Ocean region) (2007)

Internet users:

26.96 million (2009)
country comparison to the world: 16

Heliports:
12 (2010)

This entry was posted on Monday, February 7th, 2011 at 11:47 am and is filed under Longwoods Online.