World Health & Population

World Health & Population 12(1) July 2010 : 23-29.doi:10.12927/whp.2010.21876

Healthcare Reform in Urban China

Yushi (Boni) Li


After the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, urban people who worked for the government and its enterprises were offered free healthcare. This benefit continued after their retirement. Due to the characteristics of socialism, a large majority of the urban population were included in this free healthcare system. The past 16 years, however, have seen a dramatic change in this coverage, significantly influencing urban living standards. This paper will discuss the causes, consequences and current adjustments in medical care reform. The impact on the daily lives of the urban elderly will also be the focus.



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