World Health & Population

World Health & Population 17(4) January 2018 .doi:10.12927/whp.2019.25728
Research Paper

Design and Implementation of a Structured Programme for Validation of Birth Weights in a District of Southern India: A Case Study

Prem K. Mony, Maryann Washington, Suman Rao, Jayachitra Gajendran, Virgin Thooya, Swaroop N, Arin Kar and Krishnamurthy Jayanna

In India, though the prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) is estimated to be nearly 30%, routine reporting by the government consistently under-reports it as 12%, with resulting mismatched rectification efforts. We designed a programme comprising weight measurement standardization training, a pilot study-based sample size calculation, re-training and certification of personnel and finally a validation exercise. Paired birth weight readings of 404 newborns by a staff nurse and a research nurse were compared. LBW (<2,500 g) prevalence was 18% and 36% according to staff nurse and research nurse, respectively. Thus, it is feasible to set up simple validation exercises.

 

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