Integrating Health Services: The View from Montreal
A common vision has been put forward by the NMC focused on a population-based model of managed care. This is a vision of the way health services should be provided and the role of each of the providers and the interconnections between them. All activity is based on this common vision, and it has become a strong unifying force for the region. Primary healthcare is the foundation of the vision, and it is essential for the LHINs to be able to include primary care and the health units into their planning process.
The role of animation and leadership must be prominent; though there is no direct management authority of the LHINs or the Montreal Agency over the institutions in their region, there is clearly a need for strong regional leadership to coordinate and integrate services. This leadership requires direct contact with the LHINs and the boards in their region. Each board must be able embrace the common vision and then question its own activities to see if the vision is being applied.
Management and performance contracts between the regional agency and each institution are needed to set targets, measure performance and determine the strategy to implement the regional vision of care. The nature and content of the contracts, the indicators to be used and the targets to be achieved must be agreed upon by all the players so that the contracts become a tool to help implement the vision.
Population-based managed care has been demonstrated as the most successful approach to date, and the setting up of primary care multidisciplinary teams to provide coverage to a registered population is the key. Corridors of service between primary and more complex care must be defined to ensure accessibility and continuity of services.
A clear vision emerging from the LHINs' planning process is the key ingredient to achieving the goal of providing accessible, continuous, high-quality care to the population we serve.
About the Author(s)
David Levine is President and Executive Director, Health and Social Services of Montreal.
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