Nursing Leadership

Nursing Leadership 36(1) April 2023 : 16-32.doi:10.12927/cjnl.2023.27126


The retention of Canada's advanced practice nurses (APNs), including clinical nurse specialists and nurse practitioners, is a national health human resources issue. APNs are essential within the Canadian healthcare workforce for meeting patient and population health needs, often in underserved communities. A shortage of APNs will exacerbate barriers to access to care for patients across sectors, including primary, acute, long-term and transitional care settings. This paper provides highlights from literature reporting on the state of APN human resources in Canada, including influential barriers and facilitators, and recommendations for retaining these important leaders in the healthcare workforce.



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